What is conversion disorder?

oksano4ka 9.10.2023 14:14

Conversion disorder, also known as functional neurological disorder, is a psychosomatic condition characterized by the appearance of physical symptoms without an explainable medical cause. It is a mental disorder that manifests itself in the form of neurological symptoms such as paralysis, blindness, muteness or seizures that have no organic explanation.

Conversion disorder https://empathycenter.ru/articles/konversionnoe-rasstroystvo/ is one of the most well-known and studied psychosomatic conditions. It is often associated with trauma or stressful situations that a person experiences or experiences. Although the exact causes of this disorder are unknown, it is believed that psychological factors such as repressed emotions or unconscious conflicts may play a role in its development.

One of the main features of conversion disorder is that the physical symptoms it causes do not correspond to known neurological or medical conditions. For example, a patient may experience paralysis or the inability to walk, but there will be no physical or nervous system damage. This distinguishes conversion disorder from other neurological conditions, such as paralysis caused by stroke or spinal cord injury.

Diagnosing conversion disorder is challenging because all possible organic causes of the symptoms must be ruled out. This requires a thorough medical examination and history taking of the patient. It is important to note that conversion disorder is a diagnosis of exclusion and can only be made after all other medical causes of symptoms have been ruled out.

Treatment for conversion disorder includes psychotherapy and support for the patient. Psychotherapeutic techniques such as psychoanalysis or cognitive behavioral therapy may be helpful in identifying and resolving psychological factors that may contribute to the development of symptoms. Support from family and loved ones is also important as they can help the patient cope with the emotional difficulties associated with this disorder.

In conclusion, conversion disorder is a psychosomatic condition that manifests itself in the form of physical symptoms without an explainable medical cause. Although the exact causes of this disorder are unknown, psychological factors play an important role in its development. Diagnosis and treatment of conversion disorder require an integrated approach and cooperation between the patient, physician and psychotherapist.